How many Canadian astronauts are there?
Since the Canadian Astronaut Program was established in 1983, twelve Canadians have been selected to become astronauts. Currently there are two active Canadian Astronauts. They are: Lieutenant-Colonel Jeremy Hansen and Dr. David Saint-Jacques.
Who was the first Canadian to fly into space?
STS-97 Mission Specialist Marc Garneau arrives at the Shuttle Landing Facility aboard a T-38 jet aircraft. (Credit: NASA)
Dr. Marc Garneau became the first Canadian in space when he participated in mission STS-41G in October 1984. He participated in mission STS-77 in May 1996, and in November 2000 he flew to the International Space Station (ISS) for mission STS-97. In February 2001, Dr. Garneau was appointed Executive Vice President of the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), and became the president of the CSA on November 22, 2001. He resigned from this position on November 28, 2005, to run for office in the federal election.
How can I contact an astronaut?
Unfortunately, because of the volume of e-mails they would receive if their addresses were public, astronauts' e-mails are confidential. However, you can send an email or write to:
Canadian Astronaut Office
ATT. [Astronaut's name]
Canadian Space Agency
6767 route de l'Aéroport
The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) astronauts that are still active are:Jeremy Hansen and David Saint-Jacques.
How can I get an astronaut as a guest speaker for my special event, organization, etc.?
The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) Astronaut Dave Williams hosts a videoconference for a group of students with the NEEMO 7 crew, who are underwater off the coast of Florida.
If you are interested in inviting a Canadian astronaut to a public event, please see Inviting a Canadian Astronaut to a Public Event.
Where is the Canadian Astronaut Office and do the astronauts have to live close by?
The Canadian Astronaut Office is located at the Canadian Space Agency's Headquarters in Saint-Hubert Quebec, near Montreal. For contact information see Contact Us.
Canadian astronauts live in Houston, Texas and work at the NASA Johnson Space Center. They travel periodically back to Canada to meet and speak with Canadians and participate in outreach events. Their training sometimes takes them to other locations such as Russia, Japan and Europe.
How can I see a launch?
Launch of Space Shuttle Discovery for the 11-day Mission STS-85, on August 7, 1997, with Canadian Space Agency (CSA) Astronaut Bjarni Tryggvason aboard. The Space Shuttle Program ended in July 2011. (Credit: NASA)
July 8, 2011 marked the final launch of the Space Shuttle Program. However, there are other non-manned launches that take place at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida. Please refer to the KSC website for more information about how to watch a launch from an official launch-viewing area.
What is the longest time anyone has ever spent in space?
Russian cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev holds the record for the longest accumulated stay in space, clocking 803 days and 9 hours and 39 minutes. Another Russian cosmonaut, Dr. Valeri Polyakov, holds the record for the longest continuous stay in space. Dr. Polyakov stayed in space for 437 days, 17 hours and 38 minutes (14 months) on Mir, from January 1994 to March 1995.
Do female astronauts get their period in space?
Yes, female astronauts get their period in space just like they do on Earth, and no menstrual problems have been associated with living in microgravity. In the early years of human spaceflight, some worried that women would not have their periods safely in microgravity. They thought that microgravity might cause menstrual fluid to travel upwards into the body instead of out of it – also called retrograde menstrual flow. This would mean that blood would flow from the uterine cavity into the fallopian tubes and then into the pelvis and abdomen, causing pain and increasing the risk for endometriosis. While this has not been observed in past space missions, more studies are needed to better understand how the body works and reacts to microgravity. For a variety of reasons however, many female astronauts prefer to take low-dose oral contraceptives in a continuous fashion to reduce or stop menses during a long-duration mission; therefore, accumulating information on spontaneous menstrual cycles in space is expected to require several years.