History of the Canadian astronaut corps
In , NASA sought out Canadian expertise for the development of a robotic arm, the famous Canadarm. That marked the beginning of a close collaboration between Canada and the United States in human space flight.
Learn more about the milestones in the Canadian space adventure!
Not long after, NASA invited a Canadian astronaut to participate in a space mission. That invitation led to the creation of the first team of Canadian astronauts in .
In total, Canada has recruited 14 astronauts through four campaigns, and 8 of those exceptional people have participated in 16 space missions.
First astronaut recruitment campaign
More than 4,000 people responded to the call for astronauts in .
The Canadian astronauts selected in . Back row, from left to right: Ken Money, Marc Garneau, Steve MacLean and Bjarni Tryggvason. Front row: Robert Thirsk and Roberta Bondar. (Credit: Canadian Space Agency)
After a rigorous hiring period, the following people were selected based on their exceptional academic backgrounds, professional experience, health, and communication skills:
Second astronaut recruitment campaign
In , the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) announced that it would recruit four more individuals to undergo astronaut training. Over 5,000 Canadians applied.
After a six-month selection process, four candidates were selected:
The four Canadian recruits in . Back row, from left to right: Chris Hadfield, Dave Williams. Front row: Michael McKay, Julie Payette. (Credit: NASA)
Third astronaut recruitment campaign
Once again, a large number of Canadians responded: over 5,000 applications were received.
After a lengthy selection process that took about a year, Jeremy Hansen and David Saint-Jacques were chosen in . They are the CSA's two active astronauts and are based at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas.
Fourth astronaut recruitment campaign
In , the CSA announced its fourth astronaut recruitment campaign, and 3,772 people from all provinces and territories applied.
After a year of demanding tests and evaluations, two candidates were selected in to become the new Canadian astronauts:
In , the two recruits will report to NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, to begin their basic training, which will last approximately two years.
Life after space
Retired astronauts don't necessarily stop working! They generally pursue professional activities in line with their expertise.
For example, they can:
- work in academia, the medical field, or another area of activity in astronautics;
- speak at schools;
- contribute actively to science.
Back row, from left to right: Robert Thirsk, Marc Garneau, Dave Williams and Julie Payette. Front row, from left to right: Chris Hadfield, Bjarni Tryggvason and Steve MacLean. (Credit: CSA)
Find out more about our former Canadian astronauts and their careers.
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